Sometimes, retractions will be used to correct errors in a submission or publication, such as violations of professional ethics, such as multiple submissions, falsification of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, etc. Many libraries and academic institutions have developed standards for handling retractions, and publishers have adopted this best practice when it comes to retractions:
A) A retraction notice titled "Retraction: [Title of article]" signed by the author and/or editor will be published in the page number section of subsequent issues and listed in the Table of Contents.
B) In the electronic version, there is a link to the original text.
C) In front of the online article is a screen with retraction instructions. Link parsing to this screen; The reader can then continue reading the article.
D) The original article was left intact, except for a watermark on each page of the pdf file to indicate that the article had been "retracted."
E) The HTML version of the document is removed.
Article Removal: Legal Restrictions
In rare cases, it may be necessary to remove an article from an online database. This will only happen if the article is clearly defamatory, or violates the legal rights of others, or the article is the subject of a court order, or we have good reason to expect that it will be, or if action is taken against the article, it is likely to pose a serious health risk. In this case, while the metadata (title and author) will be retained, the text will be replaced with a screen indicating that the article has been removed for legal reasons.
If action is taken on the article, it may pose a serious risk to health, and the author of the original article may wish to withdraw the flawed original article and replace it with a corrected version. In this case, the retraction procedure will be followed, with the difference that the database retraction notice will publish a link to the corrected republished article and a history of the document.
Erratum & Corrigendum
If the publisher introduces an error in the article, the errata will be published in the original article. At the proofreading stage, all changes introduced by the publisher are highlighted to the author, and any errors are best identified by the author and corrected by the publisher before final publication.
If the author wishes to publish changes to their article, a correction will be posted at any time after acceptance. Authors should contact the Editor-in-Chief of the journal, who will determine the impact of the change and decide on the appropriate course of action.